The original F. VII was designed as a single-engine airplane. Inthe F. This was the first Fokker tri-motor and it made its inaugural flight on September 4, The airplane easily won the contest and approximately sixty-three F. VIIas and tri-motor F. VIIa-3ms were constructed. Eighteen airplanes were exported to the United States. Henry Ford took notice of the Fokker aircraft and this led to the development of the Ford Trimotor.
The F. VIIb-3m was a slightly larger version with a longer wingspan and flew with at least a dozen different engine types. It was the most widely built model and approximately of this variation were constructed. Variants also included the F. The F wings were constructed in the Netherlands, while the FA wings were American made with improved performance and a slightly larger wingspan.
Approximately sixty FAs were built. There were several notable flights for the F. On May 9,Richard E. Byrd claimed to have flown over the North Pole in the Fokker F. He returned in September that year flying a F. And on June 17,Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic as a passenger aboard the Fokker F.
Charles Kingsford Smith made many epic flights in his F.
Specifications: Fokker F. Kenneth Munson. Airliners Between the Wars New York: The Macmillan Company, Enzo Angelucci and Paolo Matricardi. World Aircraft All rights reserved. Created October 3, The Fokker F. It also participated in several famous flights for such notables as Kingsford SmithAmelia Earhart and Admiral Byrd. It could carry eight to twelve passengers plus a two-man crew. Construction consisted of steel tubing, fabric covering and laminated-wood covered wings.
More than aircraft were produced and it made its inaugural flight on November 24, From tothe F and FA version appeared.
Three hp kW Wright J-5 Whirwind9 cylinder engines.Fokker D. VII Biplane Fighter. VII biplane of Credit: Image copyright www. VII actually had a short wartime career as a late-war development introduced in Pilots praised the aircraft's handling and ease-of-operation when compared to other types available.
The aircraft went on to stock squadrons of both the German Air Service "Luftstreitkrafte" and the Navy "Kaiserliche Marine" to which some 1, aircraft were completed before the Armistice of November Production continued post-war through Fokker facilities arranged in the Netherlands and total manufacture peaked at 3, examples in all.
Such was the perceived lethality of this aircraft that the Armistice specifically singled out the Fokker D. VII fighter, forcing the Germans to hand over all completed forms to the Allies upon their surrender. Design of this effective biplane fighter fell to Reinhold Platz while manufacture was handled by Fokker-Flugaeugwerke which was founded by Dutchman Antony Fokker.
Fokker's company had been set up in Germany and maintained its place until when it relocated to neighboring Netherlands following the war. The D. VII was a culmination of sorts from designs Platz handled from onwards. By the end ofthe V11 prototype was unveiled with its rather outmoded Mercedes D.
III series engine of horsepower and it was this form that was entered in a new German competition to find a new frontline fighter. In a change from the norm, German pilots were called to test the aircraft and none other than the "Red Baron himself" - Manfred von Richthofen - flew the Fokker prototype.
Unfortunately for Fokker, the Baron was not too pleased with the type and offered his critique. With this feedback in hand, Platz returned to the drawing board to enact changes to his V11 which included a root extension at the vertical tail fin and a lengthened the fuselage to promote better handling and dive controlling. With these alterations, the V11 was retested and Richthofen offered his endorsement of the aircraft which effectively spelt the end for all of the other competing types.
Fokker was now granted a production order for initial aircraft based on the refined V11 prototype. Authorities assigned the formal designation of D.
VII to the series and manufacture would begin immediately. At its core, the D. VII showcased a conventional biplane arrangement consistent with the period. The pilot, engine, and wings were all situated ahead of midships and the fuselage carried a slab-sided look.
The engine sat in a forward compartment with its two-bladed wooden propeller mounted low. Aft and above the engine block was the mounting for 2 x 7. These were further synchronized to fire through the spinning propeller blades at front. The pilot sat in an open-air cockpit located aft of the guns with good vision to the sides, rear, and above his aircraft.
The tail unit was conventional with its single rounded vertical tail fin and accompanying horizontal planes. The undercarriage was of true "tail dragger" fashion featured two fixed, wheeled main legs under the forward mass of the aircraft and a landing skid under the tail.
The strutted wheeled main legs allowed for rough field operations. The main wingplanes incorporated the typical biplane arrangement with their upper and lower wing section. Horizontal struts were used in a single-bay fashion and the wings were of a slightly unequal span - the larger unit wider than the lower.
VII was first issued to frontline squadrons in May of - a critical junction in the war and, by this time, Manfred von Richthofen was already dead. From the outset, the nimble, fast fighters took Allied aircrews by surprise and threatened a change in air supremacy.The Fokker C. VII-W was a reconnaissance seaplane built in the Netherlands in the late s. Sharing elements of the highly successful C. V design, the C.
VII-W was a conventional, single-bay biplane with wings of unequal span braced with N-struts. The undercarriage consisted of a standard twin-pontoon arrangement, and the fin and rudder continued through to the ventral side of the fuselage, creating a cruciform tail. The pilot and observer sat in tandem, open cockpits. The wing structure was wooden with fabric and plywood covering, and the fuselage was of steel tube construction with fabric covering.
The first twelve of the thirty examples produced were sent to the Dutch East Indies, with the rest remaining in the Netherlands. The type was withdrawn from front-line service inbut some machines remained active in the East Indies as trainers until the Japanese invasion in Data from Jane's all the World's Aircraft . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Fokker C. VII-W [ edit ]. Jane's all the World's Aircraft Fokker aircraft.
III D. VII D. III E. III B. III C. VII C. VIII C. XIV C. XII D. XIII D. XIV D. XVI D. XVII D. XXI D. III F. VII F. VIII F.
XII F. XIV F. XXII F. XXIV F.Air Force photo. Fokker D. VII quickly showed its superior performance over Allied fighters. Designed by Reinhold Platz, the prototype of the D.
After Baron Manfred von Richthofen, the famous Red Baron, flew the prototype and enthusiastically recommended it, the D. VII was chosen for production.
By war's end in Novemberthese three companies had built more than 1, aircraft. The reproduction aircraft on display is painted to represent the Fokker D. VII of Lt. It was placed on exhibit in May Mercedes engine ; 21, ft.
BMW engine Span: 29 ft. Length: 22 ft. Height: 9 ft. Weight: 1, lbs. The National Museum of the U. Air Force is located at:. Skip to main content Press Enter. VII Published April 07, Featured Links. Museum location.
Civil Service. Air Force. Air Force Materiel Command. Wright-Patterson AFB. AFM Foundation. Become a Member. Donate to the Foundation.The Fokker F. VIIalso known as the Fokker Trimotorwas an airliner produced in the s by the Dutch aircraft manufacturer FokkerFokker's American subsidiary Atlantic Aircraft Corporationand other companies under licence.
The F. VII was designed as a single-engined transport aircraft by Walter Rethel. Five examples of this model were built for the Dutch airline KLM. Inwhile living in the US, Anthony Fokker heard of the inaugural Ford Reliability Tourwhich was proposed as a competition for transport aircraft.
Fokker had the company's head designer, Reinhold Platzconvert a single-engined F. The resulting aircraft was designated the Fokker F. The Trimotor's structure consisted of a fabric-covered steel-tube fuselage and a plywood-skinned wooden wing. The aircraft became popularly known as the Fokker Trimotor. The eight- to passenger Fokker was the aircraft of choice for many early airlines, both in Europe and the Americas and it dominated the American market in the late s.
The investigation revealed problems with the Fokker's plywood - laminate construction, resulted a temporary ban from commercial flights, more stringent maintenance requirements, and a shift to all-metal aircraft such as the similar Ford Trimotor and later Boeing and Douglas DC Data from [ citation needed ].
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. V Variants Fokker F. Retrieved: 20 December Retrieved 16 April Bowers, Peter and Ernest McDowell. Paul, Minnesota: Motorbooks International, Dierikx, Marc.
Fokker: A Transatlantic Biography. Molson, K. Pioneering in Canadian Air Transport. Nevin, David. Alexandria, Virginia: Time-Life Books, Postma, Thijs. Fokker: Aircraft Builders to the World. London: Jane's, Weyl, A. Fokker: The Creative Years.
London: Putnam, Fokker aircraft. III D.Skip to content. As a public health precaution, both of our locations, along with all Smithsonian museums, are temporarily closed.
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IIIa water-cooled engine. Lozenge camouflage on wings. Fuselage gray and olive drab. In response to the loss of air superiority in latethe Germans organized a competition for new fighter designs held in January The in-line engine winner was the Fokker D. The D. VII's unique ability to seemingly "hang on its propeller," and fire into the unprotected underside of enemy aircraft made it a highly feared combat opponent.
Highlighted in this image is a pressure gauge of the Fokker D. Highlighted in this image is the machine gun of the Fokker D. A Fokker D. When the Fokker D. VII appeared on the Western Front in AprilAllied pilots at first underestimated the new fighter because of its squarish, ungainly appearance, but quickly revised their view. The Armistice agreement requirement specifically demanding that all Fokker D. VIIs be immediately surrendered attested to the general high regard for the airplane.
This object is not on display at the National Air and Space Museum. It is either on loan or in storage. Fokker received an order for aircraft. To meet the demand for the new fighter, Albatros, Fokker's chief competitor, also built the D. VII under license.
Ironically, Albatros built more D. VIIs than the primary contractor and the Albatros product was of higher quality. The Fokker D. The German Fokker D. The well-known requirement articulated in the Armistice agreement ending the war, that specifically demanded that all Fokker D. VII aircraft should immediately be surrendered, succinctly attests to the general high regard for the airplane.
During the latter half ofthe Allies had regained air superiority over the Western Front with the S.
To counter this, the German government invited aircraft manufacturers to submit prototype single-seat fighter designs for evaluation at a competition to be held at Adlershof airfield in Berlin in January The aircraft would be demonstrated by the manufacturers, and would be tested by front-line combat pilots. The design with the best overall performance would be awarded a production contract. Thirty-one airplanes from ten manufacturers were evaluated for such qualities as speed, maneuverability, diving ability, pilot's view, climbing rate, performance at high altitude, etc.WW1 Sopwith Camel With Original Rotary Engine
One rotary-engined and one in-line-engined design were selected. The winner in each category was a biplane offered by the Dutch-born aircraft manufacturer, Anthony Fokker.
The rotary-engined design was the Fokker V.The Fokker E. V was a German parasol -monoplane fighter aircraft designed by Reinhold Platz and built by Fokker-Flugzeugwerke. The E. After several fatal accidents due to wing failures, the aircraft was modified and redesignated Fokker D. Dubbed the Flying Razor by Allied pilots [ citation needed ]the D.
VIII had the distinction of scoring the last aerial victory of the war. In earlyFokker produced several rotary-powered monoplane prototypes, submitting V.
III, though neither of these engines were ready for operational service. The V. The engine was obsolete but the low drag of the V. The Fokker designs were only barely beaten by the Siemens-Schuckert D. III engine and the V. Four hundred were ordered immediately with either the Ur.
III or Goe. Because neither engine was available in any quantity, all production examples mounted the Ur. The first production E. V aircraft were shipped to Jasta 6 in late July. The new monoplane was also delivered to Jasta 1, Jasta 19, Jasta 24 and Jasta Leutnant Emil Rolff scored the first kill in an E. V on August 17,but two days later he was killed when his aircraft's wing collapsed in flight.
After another E. V of Jasta 19 crashed, Idflieg grounded all E. V aircraft. Pending the investigation of these wing failures, production ceased at the Fokker Flugzeugwerke.
According to Fokker, the wing failures were caused by the army technical bureau, which had forced him to modify the original design by over-strengthening the rear main spar.